Rational Pre-essentials and Truth
Evolution, akin to religion, involves making certain a priori or metaphysical assumptions, which at some level cannot be proven empirically (Atheist Michael Ruse).
Conflicts between science and religion result from misinterpretations of the Bible (Maimonides).
“We shall now have a full definition of faith if we say that it is a firm and sure knowledge of the divine favor toward us, founded on the truth of a free promise in Christ, and revealed to our minds, and sealed on our hearts, by the Holy Spirit” (John Calvin).
Jesus declared, “I am the truth” (John 14:6) and in Scripture, the Lord Jesus said to the Father, “Your word is truth” (John 14:17). Lawson comments: “What is truth? It is defined as that which conforms with fact or reality. It is genuineness, veracity, or actuality. In a word, truth is reality. It is how things really are. Theologically, truth is that which is consistent with the mind, character, glory, and being of God. Truth is the self-disclosure of God Himself… All truth must be defined in terms of God, whose very nature is truth” (Steven J. Lawson: Tabletalk Magazine). God’s existence is essential for the discovery of truth because He is the springhead for truth.
Gerald Schroeder cogitates, “God chose from the infinite realm of the Divine, ten dimensions or aspects and relegated them to be held within the universe. These dimensions are hinted at in the ten repetitions of the statements, ‘and God said…’ used in the opening chapter of Genesis. With an amazing congruity, particle physicists now talk of the String Theory, a unified description of our universe in ten dimensions.” So many underlining ideas within theoretical science baffle men and often draw humanity toward God and His majesty. Nevertheless, it’s not so much that science can prove theism but that it requires theism. Science utilizes changeless necessities that only theism can account for. The latest scientific theory (whether it endures the test of time or not) rests on the absolute changeless truths that only theism can deliver.
There is true truth. Every scientist or philosopher who is searching for truth must begin the epistemic process with God and His revelation in Christ if he desires to maintain a legitimate epistemic status. Science is involved with more than rocks, slime, and stars. The concepts of truth, justice, ethics, and reason lay beyond the world of concrete nature, yet, they are essential elements of scientific endeavors. Moreover, these abstractions cannot be explained in terms of the material world alone. Even the material dynamic within our world cannot be explained solely by physical terms.
Since the material reality is not completely intelligible in itself it has to be grounded in something which has an intelligibility that is at once complete and real. This is … identified with the unrestricted act of understanding that possesses the property of God and accounts for everything else (Bernard Lonergan: Insight).
The physical world is selectively composed of organized energy. The strict materialist cannot explain what energy is and why (teleologically) it “self-organized.” The believer can declare God’s thoughts after Him, and He has revealed that all power comes from Him. He organized it for His glory, beauty, and the delight of mankind. The pure materialist is going to be at a loss for words when you ask him for foundational answers. His rational paradigm is self-defeating, backward, and destructive to science.
Whenever materialists discover something that will benefit the world, they have breached their worldview, and in that discovery they have borrowed from the CWV (the foundation for truth). Jesus is “full of grace and truth” (John 1:14); the Holy Spirit is “the Spirit of Truth” (John 15:26) and the Bible is “the word of truth” (2 Timothy 2:15). Ultimate and full-fledged materialism denies the source of truth and thus contradicts true science and inhibits the motivation for progress.
If a worldview, such as naturalism, gives us no reason to think that our belief-forming mechanisms are generally trustworthy, then we have no reason to believe that worldview is true (Spiegel: The Making of an Atheist).
The argumentative skeptic Voltaire once said to a friend, “It took twelve ignorant fishermen to establish Christianity; I will show the world how one Frenchman can destroy it.” Setting to his task, he openly mocked Isaac Newton. One day Newton made a prediction based on Daniel 12:4 and Nahum 2:4: “Man will someday be able to travel at the tremendous speed of 40 miles an hour.” Voltaire responded: “See what a fool Christianity makes of an otherwise brilliant man, such as Sir Isaac Newton! Doesn’t he know that if a man traveled 40 miles an hour, he would suffocate and his heart would stop?” A few years after Voltaire died, his house was purchased by the Geneva Bible Society and became a Bible storeroom, and his printing press was used to print Bibles. In the modern era, the Bibles were delivered by trucks going faster than 40 miles an hour (without mass heart stoppages). CT does not make men fools; it confers the only changeless ground for knowledge, including scientific knowledge.
In contrast to man engineered science, God has the ontic attributes (immutability, aseity, etc.) to sufficiently account for the a priori conditions required for immutable truth. Additionally, God is necessary in our actual world, and thus is necessary in all possible worlds.
see my apologetic book God Does Exist! Here